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Quality of training and research in higher education

Mosha, Herme

Abstract:
A number of writers maintain that educational quality is perhaps the most elusive concept to measure. It is elusive because there is lack of educational benchmarks that are comparable over time. Yet, it is most important because it sets the standards that define a university's intellectual environment which in turn conditions the vision and capacities of graduates and the capacity of a nation to manage its affairs well.  Despite the significance of quality higher education, several writers (Saint, 1992: Mwapachu, 1995; and Omari; 1995) have observed that the gold standards of excellence that were explicitly sought by the early elitist universities have gradually been compromised. There are symptoms of downward trend in performance. These are reflected in declining performance in university examinations by students, admission of poorer quality students and staff, declining research and publications output, complaints by employers of poor preparation of university graduates for employment and inability to take a leading role in resolving various problems within their areas of expertise. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to clarify the concept of quality in higher education, explore related
concepts of standards and criteria for monitoring quality; identify and isolate major contributing factors and discuss viable measures that higher education institutions in developing countries -especially in Africa undertake in order to improve performance and promote excellence as we approach the 21st century.

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Chapter Title: Quality of training and research in higher education
Book Title: Higher education in the 21st century: achievements and prospects in the Eastern and Southern African region
City: Nairobi, Kenya
Publisher: UNESCO
No. of Pages: 13-28


Date:1997
Document Type:Chapter in Book (Peer Reviewed)
Subject Area:Teaching and Learning
Country:African Continent
Keywords:Quality, Quality of Higher Education, Quality control, Performance Evaluation, Quality Assurance


File Size:143 KB
Rights:Permission to reproduce this chapter in AHERO was granted by the editor.
Date Added:03 April 2007


Mosha, Herme (1997). Quality of training and research in higher education. In Juma Shabani (ed ) Higher education in the 21st century: achievements and prospects in the Eastern and Southern African region Nairobi, Kenya: UNESCO, 13-28