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Peer review mechanisms: the bottleneck of academic freedom

Ayalew, Elizabeth

Abstract:
Academic freedom in higher education institutions (HEIs) entails not only the protection of the rights of faculty to teach and of students to learn, but also the freedom to create and disseminate knowledge. The literature, espe¬cially in Africa, mainly portrays the violation of academic freedom due to external interference into universities’ autonomous functioning. This article, by focusing on academic publications and the peer review process, how¬ever, suggests that the internal governance of HEIs also has equally serious implications on academic freedom. By analyzing data collected from editors, reviewers and authors of three research institutions that publish journals at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, this article reveals that peer review mecha¬nisms in academic institutions constrain the production of knowledge and hence undermine academic freedom.

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Document Title: Peer review mechanisms: the bottleneck of academic freedom
Journal: Journal of Higher Education in Africa
Volume: 9
Issue: 1&2
No. of Pages: 91-112


Document Type:Journal Article (Peer Reviewed)
Subject Area:Research
Country:International
Keywords:Academic Freedom, Academic Excellence, Peer Review, Knowledge Distribution, Knowledge Production


Date Added:07 December 2012


Ayalew, Elizabeth (2011) Peer review mechanisms: the bottleneck of academic freedom Journal of Higher Education in Africa 9 (1&2): 91-112