Higher education in Africa in the 1960s and 1970s pictured excitement, creativity, and pride—given that faculty members dedicated to teaching were involved in innovative research, and many helped lay the foundations for governance and development. Quality was high, and universities held in great esteem. Most students were eager scholars, exhilarated by their good fortune, and certain they were destined for leadership roles. And a start was made on graduate programs. By the early 1980s, the picture was different for most universities—including budget shortfalls in declining national economic circumstances, repression, curtailed academic freedom, civil unrest, and loss of status. Donor interest shifted to primary education, and external funding declined from US$103 million annually as late as 1994, dropping to an average of US$30.8 million from 1995 to 1999.
|Title of Paper:||Graduate education in Sub-Saharan Africa: prospects and challenges|
|Publisher:||The Boston Collegae Centre for International Higher Education|
|Subject Area:||Contributory Studies and Research Approaches|
|Keywords:||Higher Education, Higher Education and Development, Graduates, Postgraduate Education, Postgraduate Research|
|Date Added:||31 January 2012|