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Access to and equity in university education: a status report in Nigeria and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Oyebade, S. A.; Oladipo, S.A.; Adetoro, J.A.

Abstract:
This is a situation report on access to and equity in university education in Nigeria, Ghana and some other African countries. Nigeria (with 79 universities) has put in place some policy and institutional reforms like licensing more private universities, expansion of enrolment, scholarship programmes for needy students, establishing a National Open University, etc. to improve access and equity. In South Africa (with 36 higher institutions), enrolments have steadily been increasing even though historically, universities have been polarized along racial dimensions (white and black universities). In Uganda (with 4 universities), enrolments have been increasing even as government adopted a preferential admission policy to increase enrolment for female applicants. In Tanzania (with 16 universities), the proportion of women enrolled in universities is also growing like in Uganda but generally certain problems like poor enrolment, poor financing, unregulated proliferation, etc. militate against the system that had instituted certain measures for gender equity, driven by socialist aspirations. In Ghana (with 6 universities), strategies to expand enrolment are instituted' by the universities while government's recurrent budgetary allocations to higher education has increased tremendously. In Botswana (with one major public university), higher education
participation rate is also increasing, but a reasonable percentage of eligible candidates are enrolled in South Africa and overseas. Interestingly, private sector participation is growing to improve access and equity. The study concludes that Africa desperately needs to produce high-level manpower for its overall development. It recommends, among others, that the Air Virtual University Project to which seventeen African countries already subscribe should be more appreciated, licensing more private universities and invigorating the Open University Mode to improve access to and, of course, equity in university education in Africa.

Full text available as: pdf

 


Chapter Title: Access to and equity in university education: a status report in Nigeria and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Book Title: Access, equity and quality in higher education.
Edited by: Babalola, J.B; Akpa, G.O.; Ayemi, A.O.; and Adedeji, S.O.
City: Lagos
Publisher: Nigeria Association for Educational Administration and Planning (NAEAP).
No. of Pages: 41 - 54


Date:2007
Document Type:Chapter in Book (Peer Reviewed)
Subject Area:Institutional Management
Country:African Continent
Keywords:Access to Higher Education, Access, Equity, Quality, Quality Management, Quality Assurance, Nigeria, Sub Saharan Africa


File Size:278 KB
Rights:Permission granted by authors and publisher
Date Added:12 June 2008


Oyebade, S. A.; Oladipo, S.A.; Adetoro, J.A. (2007). Access to and equity in university education: a status report in Nigeria and Sub-Saharan Africa. in Access, Equity and Quality in Higher Education. Lagos: Nigeria Association for Educational Administration and Planning. Chapter 2: Access and Equity. p.41-54.