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Scientific communities in Egypt: emergence and effectiveness

Zahlan, A.B.

Abstract:
This chapter is concerned with the current state of science and technology in Egypt, with special emphasis on some aspects of effectiveness of its scientific communities.  The discussion provides brief background information and then sets the theme in a regional context.  The author shows that there is persistent underdevelopment in Egypt and highlights the fact that the contents and scope of higher education in Egypt fall below the standard programmes on offer in industrial countries.  The chapter also offers a brief account of research and development activities pursued in as well as outside Egyptian universities.  Statistics reflecting research and publication output are provided.  A survey of publications from the Arab countries in National and International Journals is included.  Zahlan concludes that the main cause for underdevelopment in Egypt is the lack of appropriate science and technology policies.       

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Chapter Title: Scientific communities in Egypt: emergence and effectiveness
Book Title: Scientific communities in the developing world
Edited by: Jacques Gaillard, V.V Krishna & Roland Waast
City: New Delhi, India
Publisher: Sage Publications
No. of Pages: 81-104


Date:1997
Document Type:Chapter in Book (Peer Reviewed)
Subject Area:Research
Country:Egypt
Keywords:Science and Technology, Scientific Research, Egypt, Educational Development, Universities, Research and Development R&D, Publication Productivity


File Size:254 KB
Rights:Fee has been paid to Sage Publications for the reproduction of this chapter
Date Added:26 February 2008


Zahlan, A.B.(1997). Scientific communities in Egypt: emergence and effectiveness, In Jacques Gaillard, V.V Krishna & Roland Waast (eds), Scientific communities in the developing world New Delhi, Thousand Oaks, London: Sage Publications, 81-104