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Unemployment, education and skills constraints in post-apartheid South Africa

Dias, Rosa; Posel, Dorrit

Abstract:
This paper investigates the relationship between education and unemployment in postapartheid South Africa, and probes the argument that employment growth has been inhibited particularly by skills constraints. The authors use probit regression analysis to show that higher education protected against unemployment in both 1995 and 2003, and that overall, the relative benefits to tertiary education rose over the period.  They show also that these aggregate trends mask substantial variation among race groups and within race groups, among men and women. However, after taking into account changes in the survey instruments used to measure employment, we find only modest evidence of skills-intensive employment growth.  Rather, the increase in formally qualified labour was considerably larger than the increase in demand for skilled and semi-skilled labour over the period, and so unemployment rates even among graduates increased over the period. 

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Title of Paper: Unemployment, education and skills constraints in post-apartheid South Africa
City: Cape Town, South Africa


Date:2007
Document Type:Conference Paper
Subject Area:National Systems and Comparative Studies
Country:South Africa
Keywords:Unemployment, Education, Skills Needs, Post Apartheid, Labour Market


File Size:284 KB
Rights:Paper was retrieved online at http://www.eldis.org/
Date Added:16 January 2008


Dias, Rosa; Posel, Dorrit (2007). Unemployment, education and skills constraints in post-apartheid South Africa Presented at the DPRU Conference on " Accelerated and Shared Growth in South Africa: Determinants, Constraints and Opportunities", Cape Town, South Africa, October 2006.