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How can Africa maximise the development impact of cross-border higher education?: conditions for growth, current characteristics and enhancement for development

Garrett, Richard

Abstract:
This paper analyses global trends in cross-border or transnational higher education.  'Transnational higher education ' is used here as a collective term encompassing higher education programmes from one country offered in another (programme mobility), and higher education institutions from one country establishing a campus in another country (institution mobility). The conventional form of transnational higher education is for students to travel abroad to study. Rising costs for the student, and government concern over brain drain and lost revenue prompted an alternative model, whereby the provision travels to the student.  Transnational higher education has a mixed reputation. To some it is a positive force for capacity-building in transition economies, while to others it smacks of cultural imperialism and is said to often have a negative impact on domestic institutions (e.g. offering only 'popular' programmes, diverting students and income away from domestic institutions).  To date, much of Africa has remained relatively untouched by transnational higher education. Thus 2005 is an ideal opportunity for Africa to learn from the experience of other countries, and attempt to maximise the potential benefits of transnational delivery, and minimise the potential drawbacks. To help understand 'when ' different African countries might be perceived as 'attractive ' markets for transnational delivery, a conceptual model of the conditions for growth of transnational import/ export is offered below.  The paper uses data on the United Kingdom (a major source of transnational higher education) as a way of explicating the nature of transnational delivery in its current form, and to raise questions about the development potential of this activity.  It is argued that by addressing these issues African policy-makers may work towards a clearer perception of what transnational delivery is capable of in developmental terms.

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Title of Paper: How can Africa maximise the development impact of cross-border higher education?: conditions for growth, current characteristics and enhancement for development
Conference Name: 11th AAU General Conference
Conference Date: 2005-02-21
Conference Location: Cape Town, South Africa
Published as Proceedings: yes


Date:2005
Document Type:Conference Paper (Not Peer Reviewed)
Subject Area:National Systems and Comparative Studies
Country:African Continent
Keywords:Transnational Higher Education, Developing countries, Enrolment Statistics, Economic Issues


File Size:620 KB
Rights:Permission to reproduce this paper was granted by the author.
Date Added:31 August 2007


Garrett, Richard (2005). How can Africa maximise the development impact of cross-border higher education?: conditions for growth, current characteristics and enhancement for development Paper presented at the 11th AAU General Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 21-25 February.