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University-level education for women in the developing world: questions for public policy

Herz, Barbara

Abstract:
Though general evidence suggests that university education pays off in Africa both for individuals and for society, less than 5 percent of men and 3 percent of women of the usual ages now attend university, despite recent growth in enrollment.  Far more research is needed, but it appears that university education pays off in greater earning capacity.  The author states that women's education may especially encourage smaller, healthier and better educated families who can deal more effectively with the challenges of the 21st century.  A tertiary education ought to pay off even more in the future, as overcrowded, often inefficient African universities improve their curriculums and overall standards of education. Specific evidence suggests that improvements to secondary education in Africa result in clear benefits, both social and economic, for those countries. And because university education has proved beneficial overall, particularly economically, it stands to reason that improved university-level education for women—whose population, in the 15-to-49 age group, is expected to grow 35 percent by the year 2020, to 304 million—will also aid the development of both the economies and the social structures of countries on the African continent and elsewhere in the developing world.  The question remains: Why are so few women going to institutions of higher learning?

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Document Title: University-level education for women in the developing world: questions for public policy
Institution: Carnegie Corporation of New York
City and Country: New York


Date:2005
Document Type:Paper (Peer Reviewed)
Subject Area:Research
Country:African Continent
Keywords:Higher Education, Women in Higher Education, Developing countries, Access to Higher Education, Public Policy, Statistics, Empowerment


File Size:407 KB
Rights:Permission to reproduce this paper was granted by Carnegie.
Date Added:02 August 2007


Herz, Barbara (2005). University-level education for women in the developing world: questions for public policy Carnegie Corporation of New York, 1-25.