In this chapter, Mazrui seeks to demonstrate that the origins of pan-Africanism and the origins of modern black intellectualism are interlinked. The discussion entails a broad overview of pan-Africanism activists dating back to the author's early years as an academic at the Universities of Makarere and Nairobi. Mazrui explains how and why African intellectualism had declined and disappeared in East Africa with reference to Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda.
Mazrui also claims that as the twenty-first century approached, new developments began to help an intellectual revival in Africa. He mentions the pro-democracy movements which arose from Lusaka to Lagos, the end of the cold war, the overthrow of long-established regimes and the rapid collapse of political apartheid in South Africa. The paper also addresses three levels of pan-Africanism - sub-Saharan, trans-Saharan and transatlantic. The author explores the relationship between Africa and its diaspora abroad and also explores the relationship between African Americans and American Africans. Mazrui concludes by asserting that an Africa on a global scale is in the making and that its consciousness requires an intellectual vanguard.
|Chapter Title:||Pan-Africanism and the intellectuals: rise, decline and revival|
|Book Title:||African intellectuals: rethinking politics, language, gender and development|
|Edited by:||Thandika Mkandawire|
|Publisher:||Zed Books in association with CODESRIA|
|No. of Pages:||56-77|
|Document Type:||Chapter in Book (Peer Reviewed)|
|Subject Area:||National Systems and Comparative Studies|
|Keywords:||Pan Africanism, Intellectuals, Political Activism, Political Leaders, Diaspora|
|Rights:||Permission to reproduce this chapter was granted by the author.|
|Date Added:||14 May 2007|